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|About Common Cold and Influenza and the Difference between These Two Ailments Published: 20.06.2008 | Author: Aquila | Category: Disease & Illness Both common cold and flu give symptoms from the ear Nacho Fernandez Camiseta , nose and throat, fever and symptoms from the rest of the body, and the symptoms of both diseases can vary between mild and very bad. By common cold, the symptoms from the windpipe come first and remain as the main symptoms.
By flu fever Kepa Arrizabalaga Camiseta , pain in the rest of the body, nausea, feeling of weakness and other general symptoms are predominant. Symptoms from the windpipe are usually milder, but can gradually get somewhat worse. The symptoms from the windpipe may sometimes nearly lack.
THE CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS OF COMMON COLD
The common cold is caused by a large variety of viruses Luis Alberto Camiseta , which mutate quite frequently during reproduction, resulting in constantly changing virus strains.
Common cold is generally transmitted when drops coming out when a person sneezes or coughs get airborne and then are inhaled by another person. Transmission by direct contact with a sick person is also frequent. Between one-third and one-half of all people exposed to cold viruses become infected and develop symptoms after 1鈥? days.
The symptoms from the windpipe are the strongest by common cold:
– The throat feels sore, and a sore throat is often the starting symptom.
– There will then be increased secretions of mucus form the nose, resulting in running nose and dryer secretions building up in the nose.
– The throat will also secrete more mucus Vitolo Camiseta , resulting in a wheezing sound, and possibly building up of dryer secretions also here.
– There will be swelling in the nose and throat.
– Cough and sneezing are important symptoms of common cold. These reactions are stimulated by the building up of secretions and of the swelling in the windpipe.
There may also be mild symptoms from the rest of the body.
– Mild to severe headache is common.
– A mild fever may occur.
– Some persons experience a little neck stiffness and pain in the neck when trying to flex it, but this symptom must not be great. If this symptom is great, it can be a sign of meningitis Thiago Alcantara Camiseta , a very serious disease.
THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF COMMON COLD
Staying away from people being sick and strict washing habits can prevent the transmission of common cold, but it is difficult to carry through a strict enough regime of this sort in a populated society.
Because of the frequent variations of viruses causing common cold, successful immunization has not been developed.
The immune system of the body usually manages to beat down the infection within some days. By common cold one shall hold an activity level that is felt comfortable. It is not necessary to strictly restrict the daily activities level.
High doses of vitamin C have been proven to help prevent cold and get rid of the cold faster, but the doses that must be used are impractically high if vitamin C is used alone. However Jose Callejon Camiseta , a combination of lower doses of vitamin C with other natural substances may be useful.
Common treatments of cold have the aim of relieving symptoms and of strengthening the immune system so that it can beat the infection better. Pain killers such as aspirin and paracetamol relieve the pain by common cold effectively, and are the most common treatment for this disease. However, both drugs can give adverse reactions if they are used in greater amounts than recommended and even recommended doses can sometimes give dangerous effects.
Aspirin can cause internal bleeding and both aspirin and paracetamol can cause liver damage. For children and teens it is advised to use paracetamol, because the liver damage caused when young people take aspirin can be very severe. The drugs should therefore be used with caution and not in a too long period.
Drugs to loosen mucus Saul Niguez Camiseta , to decrease swelling, to decrease mucus production or to suppress the cough reflex can be effective to relieve symptoms. These drugs are often made to mainly loose mucus or mainly suppress exaggerated cough, but these two effects can be blended in the same drug. These drugs may be liquid, be prepared as nasal spray or as tablets to suck on. To choose the right drug for your child or yourself Alvaro Morata Camiseta , you must examine to find out what are the main symptoms: Mucus production, whether the mucus is loose or hard, swelling or exaggerated cough.
Steam inhaling is a traditional treatment long used in many countries. The treatment can help loose the mucus so that the windpipe more easily is cleared by cough. The treatment may also to some extend destroy the virus.
The drug Pleconaril is ment to attack the viruses causing the majority of common colds, picornaviruses. The drug has been developed by ViroPharma Incorporated and Schering. The drug is available in oral form and inter-nasal formulations are being developed Andres Iniesta Camiseta , but the efficacy of the drug is not clearly established and the drug is not yet approved for general use.
Interferons are used nasally in Eastern Europe to treat common cold. Interfeons are natural proteins than regulate the function of the immune system.
There exist herbal and mineral supplements on the marked that may strengthen the immune system and thus prevent cold from occurring, ameliorate the cold if it still occurs, and help the body to fight down the disease faster. These supplements often contain extracts of Echinacea Angustifolia. Treatment with this herb should not exceed two weeks.
THE CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND COMPLICATIONS OF INFLUENZA
Like cold Sergio Busquets Camiseta , influenza is caused by virus strains that mutate frequently, but there tend to be one main virus strain each year that spread throughout the globe.
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